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[资源] Nmap参考指南之选项概要

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势天恩
蛮春冬
Nmap 不带选项运行时,该选项概要会被输出,最新的版本在这里 http://www.insecure.org/nmap/data/nmap.usage.txt。它帮助人们记住最常用的选项,但不 能替代本手册其余深入的文档,一些晦涩的选项甚至不在这里。
Usage: nmap [Scan Type(s)] [Options] {target specification}
TARGET SPECIFICATION:
    Can pass hostnames, IP addresses, networks, etc.
    Ex: scanme.nmap.org, microsoft.com/24, 192.168.0.1; 10.0-255.0-255.1-254
    -iL <inputfilename>: Input from list of hosts/networks
    -iR <num hosts>: Choose random targets
    --exclude <host1[,host2][,host3],...>: Exclude hosts/networks
    --excludefile <exclude_file>: Exclude list from file
HOST DISCOVERY:
    -sL: List Scan - simply list targets to scan
    -sP: Ping Scan - go no further than determining if host is online
    -P0: Treat all hosts as online -- skip host discovery
    -PS/PA/PU [portlist]: TCP SYN/ACK or UDP discovery probes to given ports
    -PE/PP/PM: ICMP echo, timestamp, and netmask request discovery probes
    -n/-R: Never do DNS resolution/Always resolve [default: sometimes resolve]
SCAN TECHNIQUES:
    -sS/sT/sA/sW/sM: TCP SYN/Connect()/ACK/Window/Maimon scans
    -sN/sF/sX: TCP Null, FIN, and Xmas scans
    --scanflags <flags>: Customize TCP scan flags
    -sI <zombie host[:probeport]>: Idlescan
    -sO: IP protocol scan
    -b <ftp relay host>: FTP bounce scan
PORT SPECIFICATION AND SCAN ORDER:
    -p <port ranges>: Only scan specified ports
    Ex: -p22; -p1-65535; -p U:53,111,137,T:21-25,80,139,8080
    -F: Fast - Scan only the ports listed in the nmap-services file)
    -r: Scan ports consecutively - don't randomize
SERVICE/VERSION DETECTION:
    -sV: Probe open ports to determine service/version info
    --version-light: Limit to most likely probes for faster identification
    --version-all: Try every single probe for version detection
    --version-trace: Show detailed version scan activity (for debugging)
OS DETECTION:
    -O: Enable OS detection
    --osscan-limit: Limit OS detection to promising targets
    --osscan-guess: Guess OS more aggressively
TIMING AND PERFORMANCE:
    -T[0-6]: Set timing template (higher is faster)
    --min-hostgroup/max-hostgroup <msec>: Parallel host scan group sizes
    --min-parallelism/max-parallelism <msec>: Probe parallelization
    --min_rtt_timeout/max-rtt-timeout/initial-rtt-timeout <msec>: Specifies probe round trip time.
    --host-timeout <msec>: Give up on target after this long
    --scan-delay/--max_scan-delay <msec>: Adjust delay between probes
FIREWALL/IDS EVASION AND SPOOFING:
    -f; --mtu <val>: fragment packets (optionally w/given MTU)
    -D <decoy1,decoy2[,ME],...>: Cloak a scan with decoys
    -S <IP_Address>: Spoof source address
    -e <iface>: Use specified interface
    -g/--source-port <portnum>: Use given port number
    --data-length <num>: Append random data to sent packets
    --ttl <val>: Set IP time-to-live field
    --spoof-mac <mac address, prefix, or vendor name>: Spoof your MAC address
OUTPUT:
    -oN/-oX/-oS/-oG <file>: Output scan results in normal, XML, s|<rIpt kIddi3, and Grepable format, respectively, to the given filename.
    -oA <basename>: Output in the three major formats at once
    -v: Increase verbosity level (use twice for more effect)
    -d[level]: Set or increase debugging level (Up to 9 is meaningful)
    --packet-trace: Show all packets sent and received
    --iflist: Print host interfaces and routes (for debugging)
    --append-output: Append to rather than clobber specified output files
    --resume <filename>: Resume an aborted scan
    --stylesheet <path/URL>: XSL stylesheet to transform XML output to HTML
    --no_stylesheet: Prevent Nmap from associating XSL stylesheet w/XML output
MISC:
    -6: Enable IPv6 scanning
    -A: Enables OS detection and Version detection
    --datadir <dirname>: Specify custom Nmap data file location
    --send-eth/--send-ip: Send packets using raw ethernet frames or IP packets
    --privileged: Assume that the user is fully privileged
    -V: Print version number
    -h: Print this help summary page.
EXAMPLES:
    nmap -v -A scanme.nmap.org
    nmap -v -sP 192.168.0.0/16 10.0.0.0/8
    nmap -v -iR 10000 -P0 -p 80
+1
1133°C
2
  • xjboy
  • 先求尔1992
过: 他们
运祥
菅昭昭

这个技术性很强啊,感谢楼主,非常!
晖骞
步良工
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BackTrack是一套专业的计算机安全检测的Linux操作系统,简称BT。BackTrack 是一个基于Ubuntu GNU/Linux的发行版本,主要用做数字取证和入侵测试。它的名字引用自回溯法(backtracking)。BackTrack 给用户提供了大量功能强大但简单易用的安全工具软件。BackTrack还支持Live CD和Live USB启动方式,用户可以直接从移动介质启动该系统而不用将系统安装在硬盘上。BackTrack被设计成一体化的旨在安全审计用的livecd,曾经它是被最广泛采用的渗透测试框架并被世界各地的安全社区所使用。现在,BackTrack已被Kali Linux所代替,BT将不再维护。
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